30 Dec 2022

Src_Snapshot

Prototype

Recently while browsing the Alpine git repo I noticed they have a function called snapshot, see: https://git.alpinelinux.org/aports/tree/testing/dart/APKBUILD#n45 I am not 100% sure about how that works but a wild guess is that the developers can run that function to fetch the sources and maybe later upload them to the Alpine repo or some sort of (cloud?) storage.

In Portage there exists a pkg_config function used to run miscellaneous configuration for packages. The only major difference between src_snapshot and that would of course be that users would never run snapshot.

Sandbox

Probably only the network sandbox would have to be lifted out… to fetch the sources of course.

But also a few (at least one?) special directories and variables would be useful.

30 Dec 2022

Ebuild-Mode and Stuff

Portage

Configure the following for Portage.

dev-util/pkgcheck emacs

Emerge

Emerge the following packages:

  • app-emacs/company-ebuild
  • dev-util/pkgcheck

Company-Ebuild should pull in app-emacs/ebuild-mode, if that does not happen, then report a bug ;-D

Standard

Add the following to your user's Emacs initialization file. The initialization file is either ~/.emacs.d/init.el or ~/.config/emacs/init.el for newer versions of GNU Emacs.

(require 'ebuild-mode)
(require 'company-ebuild)
(require 'flycheck)
(require 'flycheck-pkgcheck)

(add-hook 'ebuild-mode-hook 'company-ebuild-setup)
(add-hook 'ebuild-mode-hook 'flycheck-mode)
(add-hook 'ebuild-mode-hook 'flycheck-pkgcheck-setup)

Use-Package

We can also configure our environment using a use-package macro that simplifies the setup a little bit.

To use the below configuration the app-emacs/use-package package will have to be installed.

(require 'use-package)

(use-package ebuild-mode
  :defer t
  :mode "\\.\\(ebuild\\|eclass\\)\\'"
  :hook
  ((ebuild-mode . company-ebuild-setup)
   (ebuild-mode . flycheck-mode)
   (ebuild-mode . flycheck-pkgcheck-setup)))

The :defer t and :mode "..." enable deferred loading which theoretically speeds up GNU Emacs initialization time at the cost of running the whole use-package block of ebuild-mode configuration when the :mode condition is met.

18 Nov 2022

Fediverse RSS

Fosstodon

If you prefer to follow my posts on Fosstodon via RSS, then here is the link: fosstodon.org/users/xgqt.rss.

02 Sep 2022

Chromium Flags

Dark interface

Force web UI dark mode

--enable-features=WebUIDarkMode --force-dark-mode

Hardware acceleration

Accelerated video decoding and GPU support

--enable-accelerated-video-decode --enable-gpu

Reader mode

--enable-reader-mode

Runtime cache

Use the cache directory /run/user/1000/chrome/cache

--disk-cache-dir=${XDG_RUNTIME_DIR}/chrome/cache

Window size

Sawn a window of size 1200x900

--window-size=1200,900

Full config

The file /etc/chromium/default is sourced by the Chromium launcher, that's why we can sue bash syntax here.

#!/usr/bin/env bash

# Dark interface
# Force web UI dark mode
CHROMIUM_FLAGS="${CHROMIUM_FLAGS} --enable-features=WebUIDarkMode --force-dark-mode"

# Hardware acceleration
# Accelerated video decoding and GPU support
CHROMIUM_FLAGS="${CHROMIUM_FLAGS} --enable-accelerated-video-decode --enable-gpu"

# Reader mode
CHROMIUM_FLAGS="${CHROMIUM_FLAGS} --enable-reader-mode"

# Runtime cache
# Use the cache directory /run/user/1000/chrome/cache
CHROMIUM_FLAGS="${CHROMIUM_FLAGS} --disk-cache-dir=${XDG_RUNTIME_DIR}/chrome/cache"

# Window size
# Sawn a window of size 1200x900
CHROMIUM_FLAGS="${CHROMIUM_FLAGS} --window-size=1200,900"
26 Aug 2022

Tighter integration of KDE with GNU Emacs

Proper window size

Sometimes while the Emacs GUI window is tiled to a side or maximized small gaps may appear around the window. This "bug" can be worked around by:

  • right-click on the title bar,
  • "More Actions",
  • "Configure Special Window Settings…",
  • "Add Property",
  • "Obey Geometry Restrictions",
  • Select "Force" form the combo box,
  • Select "No" from the radio buttons.

Opening files from Dolphin in one Emacs instance

Emacs daemon can help with that. But before you run emacs --daemon, I need You to know that there might be a better way:

(unless (or noninteractive (server-running-p))
  (server-start))

Adding the above to Your Emacs config will cause Emacs to start a daemon after it is opened (and no other Emacs servers are running), this also does not require --daemon flag.

After the daemon is started You can open files by right-clicking on them and selecting to open them in "Emacsclient".

Furthermore: You also utilize --iconic and add emacs --iconic to your Plasma startup. This is way better than using emacs --daemon because you can just click on your taskbar to open the minimized Emacs window. Also, Emacs will load all Your graphical libraries and configurations so Your theme will look properly and not as if Emacs was being used on the console.

Breeze theme

Sadly I have not found any theme that would look like Plasma. I use the spacemacs theme which looks a little bit similar, especially the background color comes close to Breeze's dark background color.

Note that the theme which You load with the function load-theme is a different thing that the GTK theme Emacs uses.

The GTK theme should be enabled if Your Emacs version is built with GTK support. On Gentoo this setting is controlled with the gtk USE flag. Also the flag toolkit-scroll-bars can be enabled for a look of scroll-bars consistent with the selected toolkit.

Xresources

There is a different approach to theming Your Emacs that loading a theme defined in ELisp - You can use a ~/.Xresource file.

If you do not load any theme in your configuration Emacs will by default read the .Xresources file, unless the --no-x-resources flag is used.

Here are a few Xresources config files that come close to the default Breeze theme:

Dbus integration

Emacs can be built with FreeDesktop's D-Bus support to communicate over the dbus protocol. This can come handy when using ERC as it has a setting to enable desktop notifications on mentions (erc-desktop-notifications.el).

The dbus interface can also be utilized to query desktop-oriented daemons, for example this library talks to the Bluetooth daemon.

KDE development

Those are some ELisp libraries that I found while browsing GitHub, they might be useful for somebody who delves into KDE app development.

Opening files in different applications

In addition to async-shell-command and start-process-shell-command I wrote this small library that may come handy.

Outside Emacs, inside Plasma

Sadly the KDE team did not add support to emulate Emacs-like keys in Plasma itself, but some applications like, for example Kate have configuration options to customize the key bindings. This is a repository explaining how to setup Kate's bindings.

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